Is light pollution killing our birds......????????

Public enemy No. 1

Read the Challenge pdf - "Is Light Pollution Killing Our Birds?"  (and other animals)!  It has been doing so for nearly 116 years.   Professor Gerhard Eisenbeis remarked in 2006 that the light at night of the 24 hour day sucks insects to their deaths like a vacuum cleaner! (Professor Gerhard Eisenbeis, in Rich and Longcore, p. 283). So ALL insectivores, and not just English songbirds, are likely to die from simple starvation? Did YOU know that the house sparrow and starling, as is the cuckoo, are "threatened"?

World Earth Hour 2013 got this web site no increease in its hit rate. From thousnads per day when Earth Hour started in Sydney in 2007, Earth Hour increased this web site's hits. This year "zilch" - absolutely NOTHING!!! ! So sad...................

50 things to do before you’re 11 ¾ -  We’re celebrating the great outdoors this spring with the National Trust’s ‘50 things to do before you’re 11 ¾’ challenge, refreshed for 2013 and now including stargazing!

Lights out – France to force shops and offices to go dark overnight

French light pollution law is expected to save 250,000 tonnes of C02 a year. Just imagine how good it would be to say the same around the world and thus reduce the contribution that burning fossil fuel makes to polluting the world's air. We have only one atmospher to breath and we need to breath clean air surely? Not creating anthropogenic air pollution nanoparticles causing nanotoxicology and subsequent nanopathology - huh?

BTW Countrtyfile on the BBC this evening, Sunday March 24th, did a piece about the new Brecon Beacons Dark Sky site, seeing the night sky and light pollution. Well done Countryfile. They have done a piece about seeong Aurora - tale a looke HERE.

For anybody who is interested, the UK Government wants to employ biomass to "keep the lights on". I keep my lights on with PV panels and with Grid Buddy. I wrote in 2006 that energy management failure would result in the lights going out. Watch what it is proposed will deal with the problem. We will keep the lights on with so called "sustainable" biomass!.

The URL which Parliament provided here above  did not work on this web site! I do not know why? Apaolisies to anyone who is disappointed. The URL for the video itself however can be found from  HERE -

Join the WWF's Earth Hour - 23rd March 2013 from 8.30pm. This is the 7th year of the WEH - the World Earth Hour. People who knew of the first Earth Hour  in Sydney  in 2007 joined in around the world. Will YOU this year, 2013? The year of Air in Europe - with people becoming more aware that not only is the night polluted but so is the day!

THE HIDDEN COSTS OF LIGHT POLLUTION. The globe has never been so electrified. Today, most of Europe, the United States and all of Japan appear as solid blocks of light in satellite photos. Meanwhile, the stars have been all but extinguished from our night skies. The Earth is now readily visible from space, but space is no longer visible from Earth.

Good news for astronomy from the Brecon Beacons. It has been awarded a Dark Sky status. Very well done the Brecon Beacons!!!

"The status means the night-sky is protected and lighting controls are in place to prevent light pollution."

Seen the News about the Russian bolide? Have a look here - sorry about the crap ads. These Internet ad  idiots, who impose this on us, really need to be got rid of - would you agree? 15 February 2013.

 BLAHOSLAV Konopka has written a Slovakian translation. Thanks from Graham Cliff, webmaster

My old alma mater, the University of Manchester, now has Jodrell Bank hosting the BBC, Brian Cox and Star Gazing Live for the 3rd year. It was part clear - it was for ADAS when we looked at Jupiter, Uranus, M31, the Nebula in Orion and a host of other objects - neat huh?

This for treehugging environmentalists - YOU maybe?  Gov't Mule - World Wake Up.wmv  Its all vanity, insanity today - Logic fails, Greed prevails, World wake up, Communicate, It's not too late, today! Or is it?

Did YOU have a very good Christmas and New Year, 2012? I hope so. BUT don't forget that Rudolph the Red Nosed Reindeer (guiding Santa at night) was COMPLETELY REDUNDANT because of unnecessary ALAN! Unnecessary Artificial Light At Night........................... Rudolph can turn his nose off now .. anthropogenic LP will light Father Christmas and his sleigh now and into our future, apparently!

We now have another RIP - Sir Patrick Moore! He passed away Sunday, 9th December, 2012.  So sad - the man that gave me hope in science, astronomy and the future that science would lead the way! He is on Youtube from last year HERE (courtesy Gary Citro from the USA). He  was on TV when I was a child - I could watch him Sundays before TV switched off for evening "quietude"! Can you believe that? I was talking with Professor Dame Jocelyn Bell-Burnell recently (Wed, 5 Dec 2012) and she signed one of my amateur astronomy books. Sir Patrick had signed my others of his in previous years when I had lectured with him at Jodrell Bank. His life in pictures from the BBC. So sad. He now joins my grandDads as "stars" in the night sky alongside lunar astronaut Neil Armstrong.

From the Telegraph - (about a quarter of the wau down the page)

SIR – May I suggest a way for people to honour the memory of Sir Patrick Moore? A country-wide, mass light switch-off for an hour would reduce light pollution and allow budding and amateur astronomers to see the sky at night.

Michelle Varney

Neil Armstrong RIP - NASA has a nice idea "The next time you walk outside on a clear night and see the Moon smiling down at you, think of Neil Armstrong and give him a wink."

Warning as light pollution hits rural Yorkshire - EXCLUSIVE!

A site in the USA had an interesting comment about this site

- isn't the Internet neat? Did you see its inventor on the opening ceremony of the 2012 Olympics Games?I hope that the links that YOU choose to follow work and explain the problems that we all have with LP, and not just birds and their insect food.

New out now and already sold out, apparently! Bob Mizon's book in its 2nd edition update - Light Pollution: Responses and Remedies (Patrick Moore's Practical Astronomy Series)

Florida Altlantic University agrees that Light Pollution Decimates Insects and the Environment.. You heard it first HERE and from as far back as 1897!

Taken from space, these images show the staggering extent of the world’s light pollution. the shots highlight mankind’s sheer waste of energy with London, Paris, Berlin and Madrid burning bright, while Africa, South America and large swathes of Asia remain in darkness.

This just in from Mrs. Grace McNeil, The W.B. Goodwin Community Center Springfield, Pennsylvania  - Light Pollution and its Ecological Effects

Hot news from Exeter UniversityEcological Concerns in Losing Our Starry Night

 Visualise the extent of the energy being wasted in these city night scapes from space.

In 2006 the UK was "the worst energy wasters in Europe" - I bet we are even worse NOW?

Who turned off the stars? WE DID! Jim Ribble of CNN takes an audio  look at Light Pollution - and Verlyn Klinkenborg of National Geographic.

Twinkle, Twinkle little star: 'Ruined By Light Pollution'

And something new - Live Science -  Towers Kill 6.8 Million Birds a Year, Study Estimates Once more anthropogenic harm kills - that means man made harm kills!

Sadly no-ne cared about Earth and the WWF Earth Hour - just look at the trend in (dis)interest since it started in Sydney, in 2007, HERE.

Earth Hour will be watched over from space as the lights go out - yeah and who cares - no one full stop. So why do I bother with the Precautionary Principle? Because I care and no one else does care. So clearly I am just wasting my time - period! I just hope the astronauts/cosmonauts on the ISS will be recording what they see - at long last!

BTW I have advised NASA via Dave Kanipe, William Jeffs, Kelly Humphries and others to get the ISS to watch EH, since it started in 2007 - this is the first year that they bother - a bit too late for me?

Our World Is Brilliant - but there is too much light at night for Kate Humble's bats - did YOU join the WWF Earth Hour this weekend? - and turn off unnecessary lights at night. You know it makes sense. Learn more about Kate and her bat concerns HERE.

Good gosh Miss Molly - garden crime increases as it gets lighter. Now who would have guessed that crime requires brighter lighing, apparently?

Light pollution on Youtube   -   the NEW AND IMPROVED version.

The director of the Hayden Planetarium, Dr. Neil DeGrasse Tyson - the most amazing fact about us is that we are made from STARS. And I used to analyse those atoms from which we are made, in the analytical electron microscope - neat huh?

BTW  Real Aurora Borealis (and not Patrick's Aurora Bognor Regis - LP/ALAN) is on its way from a naked eye Sunspot group which has recemtly flared,  AR 1429 is a spectacular sight, with a lot of detail visible, and now that it is big enough to be naked eye you can see it with a very dense filter like a welding mask! Kinda ironic that the Beeb did an Horizon programme about solar storms, Tuesday when the current flare erupted, huh?

Learn more about the "hidden", "devious" and "insidious" harm done by LP/ALAN HERE.

Prof. Brian Cox - eat your heart out - not just astronomy BUT science, youth and something else - even  IF you are NOT an astronomer watch the Earth Orbit the Sun in its Extraordinary Journey on BBC 2 for the last time this Sunday, with Kate Humble and newcomer,  Dr. Helen Czerski (who went to my wife's and sister-in-law's old school, Altrincham Girls Grammar School - neat huh?).

The BEST International Space Station, ISS, video ever - You decide - BUT just look at the appalling LP. It's everywhere at night - costing billions and killing people, apparently?

Telegraph, Thursday, 23rd February, 2012 -  Pollution goes against God's will, say church leaders in Ash Wednesday message. Does that include light pollution, which makes it today so easy to steal church lead fittings, apparently?

BBC News - Road lighting 'could be dimmed',  Lights on thousands of miles of major roads in England could be dimmed during quiet periods in a bid to save money and reduce carbon emissions, it has emerged.

Light Pollution is energy waste and it is harming OUR health today.  Drew Carhart says that - We cannot use our lands, air and water as unlimited dumping grounds for our wastes, without eventually suffering negative consequences.

Learn how bad it is in Hong Kong from Richard Quest of CNN HERE.

BTW, with the LP energy waste this Christmas, Rudolph the RED NOSED RHIENDEER, is completely REDUNDANT. Santa did not need Rudolph's RED nose to light the way - the LP did that for him. Moreover with no Arctic sea ice his elves will have to swim for it  - just like the polar bears, apparently? Also - will any of YOU join in with the 6th (now World) Earth Hour, which started in Sydney, 2007? I have given it support on these pages since its inception in 2006 by the WWF. In 2006, WWF-Australia inspired Sydney-siders to show their support for climate change action in the first ever Earth Hour event. Learn more for 2012 at their web site HERE>  What interests me is that a UK Brit, from where I live in NW England, organised the first Earth Hour - her name is Catherine Egan - she is a fan of my best man, Granada TV weatherman Fred Talbot, an amateur astronomer. Small world huh? I well remember the true outback night sky from Australia - one word describes it - FANTASTIC! I felt that I could TOUCH THE STARS. Magic.

Don't forget - do YOUR bit for World Earth Hour, 2012, by downloading the pdf " DON'T Turn Me On and Then Just Leave MEEE.....! from HERE!  You can put this poster near light switches that are left on, too often? You know it makes sense as Del Boy would have said, apparently? (On BBC TV years ago).

BTW does this have any "political" overtones? "Pray there is intelligent life in space cos we've been cheated here on Earth!" - Eric Idle's Galaxy song from  Clint Black says it all. We don't need Professor Brian Cox to know the real truth - we see it all around us - except at night when we are unable to see the Universe because of the anthropogenic light pollution that costs us billions - remarkable, huh?

US Government - EHP- Missing the Dark: Health Effects of Light Pollution  - so now you know, apparently, BUT do YOU?

Burglars afraid of the dark? Crime falls when Bristol street lights are turned off, apparently? So that the BAA/CfDS has been correct all along - we told them so but they would not listen - a bit like the air pollution issue - the smallest unregulated particles are the deadliest, apparently; we really will be JTL?

My astronomical society, ADAS, took their scopes to Jodrell Bank Discovery Centre Saturday night, 26th November. We joined the MAS and LAS to show public visitors the belts of Jupiter and the Jovian moons. A good time was had by all when they got their glimpses of Jupiter through brief gaps in the wind blown clouds. At least it didn't rain.  We understood that the 250 foot Lovell was looking at the Crab Nebula whilst we looked at Jupiter - neat huh? Some of the pictures from Saturday at Jodrell are now my Facebook photos page that you can access from its link below. Wecome.

The Enormous Environmental Consequences of Artificially Lighting Up the Night - Leo Smith. We have been doing it for over 114 years, warned about it for decades and no-one cares - period! Why?

Please find time to examine this new light pollution web site from Macclesfield AS - MyDarkSky!

MEGALUX lighting have re-published the Challenge article from 2006 - thanks guys and all the best with your lighting endeavours!

Should we light up the night sky like daylight - or should it be no more than the Full Moon? Read more here.

Food for thought? How much will warming raise seas? Greenland ice is key
Scientists scouring Greenland this summer are trying to answer a crucial question: How much of its ice will melt, and how quickly, in a world warming fastest in the Arctic?

BTW sparrow expert, Denis Summers-Smith  "believes some extra phenomenon is making the young birds "unviable" and he thinks he knows what it may be: air pollution and, especially, particulates, the microscopic soot particles produced by diesel exhausts. " All of which are unregulated because they are smaller than PM2.5 - the current legal regulated particle size limit, apparently?

You may well have read that climate change will compromise food production - well Colin Tudge predicted this in 2008.  We really will be JTL before anyone in power wakes up to future reality, apparently?

Read more in Late Breaking down this page below.

This page has been translated into Mauritian-Creole by Colin Henshaw and into Belarussian by Bohdan Zograf. Thanks guys - Graham Cliff.

WWF Earth Hour 2011 - the 4th Anniversay - but will anyone care - I doubt it.

My web site tracking software shows that many are asking Google about "The USA from space at night". Real nice that this takes people to this web site's pages - neat huh?

BTW the webmaster Graham Cliff is now on Facebook - have a look HERE - This album now has 112 images.

Although the message is getting out, apparently? The latest video from Science Museum that unnecessary artificial light at night (unnecessary ALAN) is reducing where the wider implications of the LP problem is understood?

Light pollution: the "hidden" harm and Insects: we would do well to remember them? Well frankly we haven't done at all well to remember them, apparently? I have just heard that J. A Allen, in Science of 1886 said that "It is only when man comes upon the scene that nature's balance is seriously disturbed." What an irony that such a modern statement is 124 years old? Allen's article title was "The Present Wholesale Destruction of Bird-Life in the United States". They are still talking about this issue today. By the time they do something it will be JTL - Just Too Late, apparently? Read more in LATE BREAKING down page!

Environmetal Protection UK do a downloadable pdf leafletet HERE about light pollution. But please do not forget that you can reduce unnecessary light at night, which causes light pollution, by turning off lights which are not needed (Carbon Trust pdf).

The UK Government wants ideas to save money and energy - I told them HERE to turn OFF unnecessary vanity lighting - simple huh? If you want more then read this - The change of the Light Brigade - Mancunians are being asked to spotlight the city's energy wasters by tipping-off campaigners to those buildings that leave their lights on at night (the video). You can email this story to friends with the link top LHS of the BBC  page.  All that is needed is to switch OFF unnecessary (even vanity) lighting at night, simple huh?

The BBC - Night time creatures in crisis.  The history of light pollution has been much older than you might imagine? The really serious problem is that NO ONE will research this insect decline hypothesis and the more widespread "hidden" harm that is being done. Read HERE that no-one has listened for at least 113 year in my "last missive"! BTW, did YOU know that dead insects, even today, can be found piling "knee deep"? Just like Copenhagen, the climate summit, 2009 - no one listens - we will be JTL - Just Too Late! A vicious circle of decline? - Just as Colin Henshaw said in 1994!  (Media interests look HERE - some URLs are now redundant- sorry).   A reminder of IDA member David Crawford from 1991 - the warnings are repeated at regular intervals - they are just IGNORED - we really will be JTL! Dark skies over Lymm - Chris Reeves wins back the night for Lymm, Cheshire, in 2010. Shelly Quinton-Hulme, in Stretford, Manchester, England,  friend of Victoria Park, tells me that she joined in with World Earth Hour - did YOU? Scotland and Earth Hour are here with video. Shelly and friends at Victoria Park will hold a moth watch, 15th May 2010. Butterfly and bat night will follow in August.

BTW the oil pollution in the Gulf of Mexico is making people aware of the harm of pollution. Did you know that light pollution affects turtles too?

There Once Was A Sky Full Of Stars - the video from Chile (with English subtitles) about the book from Bob Crelin. I am glad that I was a kid 50 years ago when I could see the stars and the sky at night.  Very few kids can do so today, apparently? Another book for kids is available now, The Great Year - Understanding 2012 and Beyond  by Ian Thorp. A few words from a chapter dealing with the issue of light pollution goes like this "Where I live it's very difficult to see the stars because of all the street light" said Jack. "Sorry to hear that, Jack - said the Captain". The Captain goes on to state that "Even now in your 21st Century there are a few who think everywhere should be artificially lit at night. But more recently many are in favour of reducing this light pollution or removing it all together"! Many thanks to Ian Thorp.

BTW we have ignored the concept that circadian disruption in the environment is damaging for over 113 years - is the mobile phone having similar "hidden" effects NOW? Perhaps politicians and more scientists should be better focussing their research? Please do not forget Late Brealing a few scrolls below!

Colin Henshaw has created a Mauritian Creole translation of this page HERE - enjoy! The pdf version is HERE.

The header article is from Challenge magazine, Summer 2006. Over five years on, Atumn, 2011, things have changed. People now think that turning off UNNECESSARY lights at night is a GOOD idea.  Or fit PIR lighting controls on street lights. At last the penny is maybe dropping? BTW we have a Late Breaking News segway a few scrolls down this page. Please give it a coat of looking at. Thanks. I give the definition of UNNECESSARY from Collins dictionary HERE. At PMQs 28-Oct-2009 Gordon Brown said he WILL turn off lights  on Downing Street for the CfDS - WHEN? He seemed to be remarkably patronising! BTW Parliament had a discussion 29 Oct 2009 on Light Pollution - Oral Answers To Questiosn - Environment, Food and Rural Affairs.  More COMPLACENCY and ignorance from UK Government? Listen to Mr. Peter "Lights ON" Hain, MP - HERE! Learn more of the Government complacency, once again from PM Gordon Brown, as a 17 year old asks about light pollution, in the Leicester Mercury HERE. Robin Bonell, half way down the page, had first been described as an "astrologer" until this correction HERE!.

PS Copenhagen WILL BE A COMPLETE WASTE OF TIME - see Late Breaking below. It WAS - Malini Mehra described Copenhagen, for the BBC, as the Munich of OUR Times - sad that the opportunity was apparently lost?

Light Pollution - The Problem. Dr John Mason's  video's excerpt from Portsmouth, 2006. Dr. Darren Baskill has placed new video links HERE to a selection from 2006. He tells me that he is adding even more  - 19 October 2009. They are HERE now!  BTW LP as an historic problem can be traced back to 1897 - YES 1897!

Astronomers use the term ‘light pollution’ or LP (sometimes also called light at night or LAN) to describe the effect of artificial night lighting obscuring the stars.  Professor Fred Watson, author of “Why Is Uranus Upside Down?", gives his thoughts on light pollution and astronomy but he also expresses the wider concerns to be found here and in other web pages. BTW the first UK Dark Sky sites have been inaugurated in Scotland. National Assembley For Wales - Supports the British Astronomical Association’s Campaign for Dark Skies - the CfDS. Further to this Galloway Forest is up for an IDA Dark Sky Park award -The Times - well done Galloway! Galloway Forest NOW HAS its Dark Sky Status. Use Dan Nixon's Dark Sky Simulator to see just how good the GF really is HERE. - The GF is between Glasgow and Stranraer. Learn what YOU are missing in this VIDEO from the USA!

BLINDED BY THE LIGHT?  The CfDS hanbook describing the wider consequencies of the 24 hour day. You may have already read the frontispiece. Now you can buy the handbook itself.  Bob Mizon, MBE and I co-edited the handbook, published in 2009, and which many famous people now possess. Available from The CfDS, c/o 38 The Vineries, Colehill, Wimborne, Dorset, BH21 2PX, United Kingdom. Here in the UK the unit price is about £3 per copy, including post and packaging. Over 70 copies were given to Armagh delegates and more recently environmentalists at a meeting in Cardiff received delegate copies as well - I hope that people read them? If they do not then we really will be JTL. Profs Jocelyn Bell-Burnell, Mike Edmunds, Monica Grady and astronomy historian Dr. Alan Chapman have their copies - do YOU? Even Labour Leader (ex-Shadow Climate Secretary), MP Ed Miliband has a copy - as does Liberal Democrat leader Nick Clegg, MP and his deputy Dr. Vince Cable, MP (his is signed by the webmaster because he signed my copy of his book, The Storm! ). Even Trafford MP, Graham Brady has a copy. He likes chapter 4 best, which deals with the harm that ALAN can do to human health. Sadly a few climate change "experts" want to keep the lights on, apparently? But at least they all now have copies of "Blinded by the Light?" I hope that they and  Mike McCarthy, Julian Rush, David Hone, John Sauven, Chris Beardshaw and Tom Burke read it to learn why "keeping the lights on" is so harmful.

NB - The 9th European Dark Sky conference, Armagh Northern Ireland, 18-19 September 2009.   Professor Steve Lockley spoke LIVE from Harvard Medical Center. This was a FANTASTIC Dark Sky Symposium - the BEST ever. Children from Mount St. Catherine's Primary School, Armagh sing Starry, Starry Night on Youtube to remind us of what we have lost. You can access the conference presentations as the web site develops its archive. A MUST for environmentalists, astronomers and those who care (which may also include politicians - Colin Tudge's "public enemy NUMBER ONE"?). Enjoy the archive when it is up and running. Have a look here at the Galaxy That We Have Lost to LP/LAN - our own, the Milky Way. Time Lapse Video of what is lost! - as seen from a site in Idaho.

Francis Parnell suggested - 'Since the "natural environment" after sunset is darkness, maybe we should call it what it really is - night pollution.'  Is the 24 hour day killing off "Life On Earth"?  It appears that National Geographic agree with some aspects of these concepts? And so too does Starry Night Lights! BTW LP/LAN is killing biodiversity in Old Saigon? Now known as Ho Chi Minh City. Here you can read the quote that "In the long term, light pollution will possibly have DANGEROUS effects on ecological diversity" If the Vietnam URLs fail try this HERE! - (LA Times said the same 1897!) And someone in Can Tho, Minh Hai, Vietnam has Googled "reduce light in the UK" and found this web site. I hope that they link to the Ho Chi Minh City site?

This movie, of LP in the US of A,  from 1950 thru 2025, is fantastic HERE. Just scroll a little bit down the page to access the movie. The webmaster has created an (inferior) version for Europe HERE. Please excuse the political irony at the video end.

The City "Domes" of Wasted Energy Which Should Be Charging Our EVs and WHO KILLED THE ELECTRIC CAR? by Chris Paine  You can buy the DVD here in the UK for only £4.43 P+P free.

A very big THANK YOU to this web site's visitors. It is over 6 years old and it gets a current average of just about 1  "HIT" every  hour after those years (it can be as high as 3/hour) - neat huh? You have HIT it ~110,384 times since 30 August 2006 when I created it.  It has now hit ~ 110,000  - and very well done me! Visitors (including reloads) are now listed by Extreme Tracking as being at ~175,676 (>175,000) What a lot that is - neat huh???  Did YOU contribute to World Earth Hour of the WWF? - Which I have supported since its inception in December 2006. Read more on my pages HERE - Wasted Light means Wasted Energy. And  BTW I have advised NASA via Dave Kanipe, William Jeffs, Kelly Humphries and others to get the ISS to watch EH, since it started in 2007 - 2012 was the first year that they bothered - a bit too late for me?  BTW did any of you see the ToV? The Transit of Venus? Summer 2012! My site currently has ~ 8 hits per day as a current 10 day average, although the long term 6.75 year figure is ~ 43 hits per day!  Tuesday 3rd September - the UK Autumn and the US Fall..  Now 2013 - THE YEAR OF AIR  which I explored recently in Telford, UK! BTW the world didn't end on the solstice last year - until the next end of the world that is- but then what if we actually live in a virtual world? Steven Field thinks that we do - a bit like MATRIX the movie - whew - however  I live in a material world - after all I am a retired Material Scientist so perhaps I know the truth - after all the truth does not have a sell by date anyway - whatever the truth is!? BUT don't forget that Rudolph the Red Nosed Reindeer (guiding Santa at night) has now been made completely redudundant because of ALAN!   And ALAN = unecessary Artificial Light At Night. BTW The truth about freedom does not have a sell by date  - a young Pakistan girl has taught us this lesson now in the 21st century - I just hope that she is awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace in 2013!   Wednesday, 19th September, just ~5 months ago, was the inauguration of the Manchester Titan Chemistem - I published the design engineering required for atom imaging and analysis in 1989 - now we have our own Titan in Manchester - Brian Cox's centre of the academic Universe - neat huh? Manchester University BTW covers more than 39 orders of magnitude - nearly 42! - The answer to Life, the Universe and EVERYTHING - apparently. And we now head off towards Spring although it is still chilly.  If anyone reading this web site is interested, I now have Grid Buddy to KEEP MY LIGHTS ON during a power cut. I am NOT against light at night - I am against UNNECESSARY lights at night - period.  Brian claims that Manchester is the centre of the academic Universe - I know that as a fact, as a 1971 Manchester graduate, do you? Santa BTW last year didn't need Rudolph to light his way Christmas Eve, 2011 - the LP did that for him and Rudolph today is REDUNDENT! Sad isn't it? (We are now a little while after the 10th anniversary of 9/11- look at the dust from the WTC in this David Scharf SEM image HERE. And some of those who breathed this dust are dying today - very sad. Including, apparently, disco diva Donna Summer - We are now post Earth Hour 2012 and over 51 years since Yuri Gagarin went into space  (my Mum once shook his hand when he visited the capital of the north, Manchester, England). Next to NO interest in Earth Hour this year 2012. Sadly far less interest in Earth Hour last year (2871 versus over 5000 in 2010 and over 6000 in 2009!), than in previous years. This site had only ~30% of its EH hits compared with previous years - very sad! BTW  My site has  "HIT"  over 95,000 in nearly 6 years! Neat huh? It should hit over 100,000 in the next 3 months - how "Frank Sidebottom" fantastic is that? Sad though that so few realise the truth about LP/ALAN,  BUT the truth does not have any sell by date, apparently? With Earth Hour  March last year (2010), my web site exceeded 61,000! What will happen with WWF Earth Hour, March 2011? (Sadly we got tolerant complacency - period). On a more positive note, I returned September 2010, from the fantastic 10th European Dark Sky Symposium in Kaposvár, Hungary. Fantastic indeed, just like Armagh in 2009 and my first conference, Portsmouth 2006 Mihaly Janos Varro in Hungary, 2010, gave a superb summary of the circadian disruption problem caused by LAN - it will not be long before LAN, and not "shift work" per se, is declared to be a Group 2A  carcinogen. Lawyers wake up - where there's blame is there a claim? BTW last year's (2009)  Dark sky sumposium discussed ALAN/LP and human health (again!) . You can watch the video HERE from the 9th European Dark Sky Conference . Here you can watch Professor Steve Lockley, from Harvard Medical School, discuss the harm that sleep deprivation does to human health! The 9th European Dark Sky Symposium, in Armagh, NI, 18-19 September, 2009,  was just "brilliant"!  My JTL presentation can be found HERE, about 1hr10mins into the video, after BATS and TURTLES!  Did YOU follow the last Dark Sky Symposium in Hungary?  BTW the 2011 Dark Sky Conference was hosted in Osnabruck, Germany in 2011. Pleae view its web site URL HERE.  There is more in this PDF on my web site HERE. Please tell your friends about the hidden "passive" harm caused by light at night (LAN), often called light pollution (LP). Although strictly LP is a SYMPTOM of LAN. Moreover  tell others why turning OFF UNNECESSARY, repeat UNNECESSARY, artificial light at night is good for everyone and good for Life, the Universe and Everything. If we do not then maybe LAN will become the "new"asbestos (from an idea of Dr. Barry Clark, Australia)? With massive, unnecessary, litigation cases wasting more money.  (It has already been the "new" DDT for over 115 years?). My JTL Armagh presentation, as a single video, can be viewed HERE. The pdf version can be loaded HERE - enjoy? Hopefully YOU will not be too depressed - if we can educate our leaders we will succeed. The future is up to YOU! Please do NOT fail that future.

BACK TO THE FUTURE - Living today the future that was predicted in 1994? - or even 1897 " Lights (at night) could well eliminate insects over a large area. As the insect population declines, this will have an effect on the predators higher up in the food chain which feed on them. This would include many birds, lizards and frogs and small mammals (including bats). These effects would be above and beyond those already caused by loss of habitat through urbanisation. Many insects are pollinators of flowering plants, so as the insect population goes down the number of flowers successfully pollinated may also decline. This will lead to fewer plants and less plant diversity in years to come. Since many insects feed on plants the size of the insect population will further decline as we have fewer plants.
Light pollution is therefore a “green” issue and those organisations concerned about the environment, as well as the astronomical community, should be involved in combating the problem.    Colin Henshaw, a letter to the JBAA, May, 1994.   Insects are the primary food source for many predators (such as bats, birds, lizards and frogs), and their decline has a serious knock-on effect for other creatures.

A similar observation was made in September 1897 - YES that is right September 1897 acording to the LA Times. (Information courtesy of Dr. Travis Longcore, Urban Wildlands Group, California, USA). You can read the transcript as a DOC file HERE. Did you know that Heather Couper and Nigel Henbest corroborated this observation in the Independent, January 2010. Thanks Heather and Nigel - good on yer!  BTW Wikipedia carries this page describing the decline of an English songbird NOW! They have been in decline for 114 years - no-one listened then and no-one listens now - a bit like Copenhagen? I have just heard that J. A Allen, in Science of 1886 said that "It is only when man comes upon the scene that nature's balance is seriously disturbed." What an irony that such a modern statement is 124 years old? Allen was discussing "The Present Wholesale Destruction of Bird-Life in the United States". Nothing changes - just the populations of birds, as so many decline, apparently?

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FOR THOSE NEW TO THIS SITE, LIGHT AT NIGHT CAN BE ENERGY WASTE (WHICH COSTS US MILLIONS) - THIS ADDS TO GLOBAL WARMING, "NO LONGER A THEORY, BUT A HARSH REALITY"  SO REDUCE CLIMATE CHANGE BY TURNING OFF UNNECESSARY ARTIFICIAL LIGHT AT NIGHT (aka ALAN) You can read the definiton of UNNECESSARY from Collins dictionary HERE. Please know the FACTS of light pollution/light at night & tell friends. BTW LAN is emerging as a "possible" carcinogen, apparently? Read about unnecessary LAN, and the Light Brigade, in Manchester, England HERE.

Just got this in from a still very soggy Delaware, because of hurricane Sandy from teacher Ms.  Deborah Ward and her student Carrie about light pollution - - Thanks Deborah and Carrie.

Warning as light pollution hits rural Yorkshire - EXCLUSIVE !

If you want to see the Sky at Night for real emigrate to New Zealand -  live in  "Aoraki Mackenzie International Dark Sky Reserve."

Earth Hour will be watched over from space as the lights go out - yeah and who cares - no one full stop. So why do I bother with the Precautionary Principle? Because I care and no one else does care. So clearly I am just wasting my time - period!

NASA -  Without the ability to see, the luminous Universe of stars, planets and galaxies would be closed to us, unknown forever. And yet because of light pollution we still cannot SEE - we are ALL Blinded by the Light(?) of LIGHT POLLUTION - period!

Climate change - What the heck is that? - Politicians tell us that it does NOT exist - what if it DOES?  'Invisible tsunami' of rising sea levels puts US coasts at risk, expert says  Just remember not to live in the USA, apparently?

Brecon Beacons National Park bids for dark sky status

The director of the Hayden Planetarium, Dr. Neil DeGrasse Tyson - the most amazing fact about us is that we are made from STARS. And I used to analyse those atoms from which we are made, in the analytical electron microscope - neat huh?

 Good gosh Miss Molly - garden crime increases as it gets lighter. Now who would have guessed that crime requires brighter lighing, apparently?

 Light pollution on Youtube   -   the NEW AND IMPROVED version.

A brighter future for transport infrastructure - and without ALAN, apparently? Within 25 to 30 years, with such auto-drive cars populating the highways, we may find that there is no need for streetlights, except along sections of roads where streetlights are designed to aid pedestrian activity.

Even more anthropogenic failure -  Ocean Acidification the "evil twin" of Climate Change, increasing faster than ever  - we really are on a hiding to nothing, apparently. My JTL scenario continuing to move forward and with less chance to do the U-turn before we really are too late?.

Prof. Brian Cox - eat your heart out -astronomy, science, youth and something else - IF you are NOT an astronomer watch the Earth Orbit the Sun in its Extraordinary Journey on BBC 2 this Sunday, with Kate Humble and newcomer,  Dr. Helen Czerski (who went to my wife's and sister-in-law's old school, Altrincham Girls Grammar School - neat huh?).

The BEST International Space Station, ISS, video ever - You decide - BUT just look at the appalling LP. It's everywhere at night - costing billions and killing people, apparently?

Just look up at the night sky and see the Universe - if you are lucky. Lucianne Walkowicz explains the problem on video.

 BBC News - Road lighting 'could be dimmed',  Lights on thousands of miles of major roads in England could be dimmed during quiet periods in a bid to sa

Guidance for the reduction of obtrusive lighting. From the UK's ILE . Thanks guys.

Just watched Joanna Lumley "In the Land of the Northern Lights"seeing the Aurora Borealis from northern Norway (BBC2 TV 6 :15pm UK, Monday 29 Dec 2008 and only for 7 days on iPlayer)  You will see the aurora some 48-49 minutes into the programme. Just fantastic. A life long ambition. Sad that others just see Aurora "Bognor Regis", like Sir Patrick Moore who lives in Selsey.

Dr. John Mason says this in his LP video. Others just see light pollution/light at night - LAN/LP. Sad, very sad that kids cannot see real stars (and aurora) and believe them only to be SFX.

In the Dark about Light Pollution? Get enlightened. From 2007 but still good.

Does architectural lighting contribute to breast cancer? So if it does don't unnecessarily light buildings at night and hence help to reduce global warming.

Absolutely NOTHING to do with LP/LAN and environmentalism. I have just watched a FAME reunion programme on UK Channel 4 TV. Fantastic - everyone can live forever.  How sad that our future now is so compromised?

"Climate change will increase concentrations of tropospheric ozone,... which would increase morbidity and mortality,..." So help reduce global warming by turning OFF unnecessary light at night.

New Year Resolution idea? Turn OFF unnecessary lights and maybe help to stop Himalayan village global warming and their glaciers melting back?

German Innovation - Street Lighting By SMS - neat huh?

Swiss glaciers in full retreat - BBC News.  So slow global warming by turning OFF unnecessary lights.

IL Criminal Justice Information Authority did an extensive investigation, discovering that increased light is responsible for increased crime of all types. So HORS 251 really is a load of rubbish/garbage?

Light Pollution - What's The Problem? Brian May's "very good friend" tells the story.

Light pollution - its "hidden" harm?

The 9th European Dark Sky Symposium, 17th - 19th, September, 2009, Armagh Observatory, Northern Ireland.

California At Night - A massive waste of energy and light (and money$$$$).

Global Warming Might Cook Up Too Many Male Fish...a rise of 7 Fahrenheit degrees predicted by some (climate change) models for the end of the century would yield three males for every female, a ratio unfavorable for maintaining populations.  - So reduce waste energy which contributes to global warming by turning OFF unnecessary light at night.

Location, location.... The best places for astronomy in the UK.

The Consequences of Light at Night? Colin Henshaw's Notes now on Facebook.

Hope at last? Obama picks global warming expert as chief scientific advisor.

Find the nearest hydrogen filling station for your future hydrogen EV hybrid?

U.S. Cities spur action on climate change - WEH  28th March 2009

Canada kills its future ecology? The tar sand environment goes and "the most destructive fossil-fuel project on the planet" destroys our planet's future?

British Euro MEP, Chris Davies takes dim view on light pollution.  Moreover Europe is to carbon capture to reduce CO2 emissions.

Join Linda Nicholes in an EV 21st century? Use overnight "base load electricity" to power YOUR electric vehicle and do not waste energy creating light pollution - neat huh (and oh so simple)?

The skies over Utah parks are threatened? Just more stupidity by Government.

Let's reduce light pollution in 2009? A very good idea for International Year of Astronomy 2009.

Arctic ice melting at alarming rates?  So switch off unnecessary LAN?

Keep lights on at night, waste more energy and add to polar melting. "Apparently " 2 "trillion" tonnes of Arctic ice has melted "prematurely" since 2003:NASA.

The Pennsylvania Outdoor Lighting Council. Promoting GOOD outdoor lighting.

"light pollution is not really a pollution " This question was asked of an Internet search engine - it got this response HERE I hope that the person making this inquiry got a worthwhile answer?

"Understanding Skyglow" ILE environmental document of understanding...........?

Professor Gerhard Eisenbeis (Rich and Longcore, page 283)- 'Insects are sucked out of habitat areas (by LAN) as if by a vacuum, which may deplete local populations (of insects)....... Kolligs(2000) (this URL link  does not access the reference itself - sadly none exists) found that the insects captured on each side of the greenhouse (studied) reflected habitat conditions on that side, providing evidence of the "vacuum cleaner" effect.' -  Please realise that LAN/LP is maybe harming us, our environment and maybe compromising our long term future? Sadly, if we are not JIT we may well be JTL?

Obama left with little time to cure global warming - Then how about turning off unnecessary lights to help?

NIEHS-funded scientists have also demonstrated that night-time exposure to artificial light can stimulate the growth of human breast tumors in mice by suppressing the levels of a key hormone called melatonin.

Common birds in decline.

"Since 1967 the average population of the common birds in steepest decline has fallen by 68 percent; some individual species nose-dived as much as 80 percent. All 20 birds on the national Common Birds in Decline list lost at least half their populations in just four decades."  Wow - you don't say, nothing new there then and LAN had nothing to do with it? Frankly I don't believe it.

Power blackouts could "blight" the UK - SKY NEWS. BTW I said this ~ 2 years ago.

Light Pollution (The Video) - What's the problem?  Download from Queen's Brian May web site.

U.S. Cities to Spur Action on Climate Change by Going Dark for WWF’s Earth Hour 2009. Now you're talking!

Calif. adopts tough greenhouse gas restrictions Good old Arnold?

London to join Earth Hour 2009 says Boris Johnson. Nice one Boris, Ken could not ne bothered this inspite of my invitations. At least Boris has responded.

IYA 2009 video telecom kick off Thursday 11th December 2008. Join in and air your thoughts?

Poland - WEH - World Earth Hour set to be largest climate  event in history?

IUCN warned October of extinctions. More warnings from Poland, Wednesday, 10 December 2008.

Obama vows to end global warming DENIAL after talks with Al Gore Fat chance - given the power of BIG OIL, BIG COAL AND BIG INDUSTRY? None know the meaning of the word sustainablity - the only word that they know is PROFIT aka greed?

Climate change is "unequivocal, .. already happening, and is caused by human activity."  Washington Post, 9 December 2008, 9:46 am. So turn OFF unnecessary light at night and REDUCE global warming caused by YOU? Think before it's JTL - Just Too Late.

The Lighting Police are helping and so too does Need-Less!

From National Geographic - This bulb will save planet Earth? And don't create LAN!

A new video about light pollution at Starry Night Lights.

Light pollution harms NOT JUST astronomers?

An ANT tells the story of light pollution - what great sadness that we lose so much? 

"Greenhouse gases increase in the USA" - Bush fails - once again?

Human degradation of the environment has the potential to stall planetary evolution?

More harm to be done to the environment in the USA? NOTHING to do with LP/LAN 

More Light, More Crime: Chicago. Old news from 2000 but still relevant? Report HERE. 

Could Our Lights Actually Go Out......? If you are a media journalist wanting further information about LP/LAN and environmental issues of import  then click HERE.

Climate "juggernaut" marches on?  -- huge droughts and floods, cyclones with increasingly more destructive power, pandemics of tropical disease, dramatic decline of biodiversity and increasing ocean levels," said Polish Environment Minister Maciej Nowicki.

NATURE's brightest creatures not a match for light pollution?  The Thai video of them.

Al Gore: First ever political/"presidential" address on light pollution, LP/LAN! 

Climate change "tipping point" is fast approaching - and politicians remain "deaf"? 

Everything is "cracking" up? Antarctic Wilkins Ice Shelf due to collapse imminently? 

The Earth's "lungs" are moving towards their last gasp? News out now that  deforestation in the Brazilian rain forest is up about 4 percent. Do the math in the USA and the maths in the UK and at this rate in ONLY 5 years deforestation will be at 20 percent. How fit would YOU be with 20 percent of your lungs gone?

Endangered night skies: Light invades Utah's night skies. Salt Lake Tribune.

Copied from the Astronomy 4 Kids page  - This "hot" news from the Outdoor Lighting Forum (the OLF) of the USA. Tiffany Zambrano and Alexis Guerrero report on YouTube (from Alexis's house) on LP, light pollution, and EH, Earth Hour upcoming 8pm thru 9pm, 28 March, 2009. Clear skies.

"We must not repeat the mistakes of the past,"advise given to Barak Obama.

The coal, used to create the electricity which is WASTED creating LP/LAN, costs 360,000 million Euros annually. And YOU pay for it! It is now clearly shown that the total annual light energy loss  is expected to be well over 1 billion US dollars per year world-wide.

Just in BUT one year old - page 14, Order of the Earth, Green Youth Corner:Light Pollution "Though common, the assumption that light pollution only poses a danger to aesthetic beauty and the view through a few telescopes, is incorrect. The adverse effects of light pollution range from health problems in humans to devastating environmental damage." So now you know.

The Garden of Eaden - A horticulturalist agrees with Colin Henshaw and I? 

If you have been to this site before you will know that I have supported Earth Hour since it started 2 years ago.

The WWF are having World Earth Hour 2009  - EH 2009 - watch their video HERE

Some Effects of Artificial Lighting On Wildlife and do you know what? Nocturnal animals are likely to be disturbed by bright illumination and deterred from using established foraging and breeding areas. Nothing new there then?

Will US President-Elect Barak Obama persue the truth? Try this for size - 'The City "Domes" of Wasted Energy Which Should Be Charging Our EVs?' Will his policy advisors agree? I certainly hope so! 

This is old news BUT no-one listened then (2003) and no-one listens now? "As the stars fade from view, a growing body of research suggests that excessive exposure to artificial night light can alter basic biological rhythms in animals, change predator-prey relationships, and even trigger deadly hormonal imbalances in humans."

How Arctic melting will help shippers and oil companies (but not polar bears)? 

FALSE AURORAS:  Warning: Not all northern lights are aurora borealis. Consider the following display of "false auroras" over Ambler, Pennsylvania, on Nov 19th.

Fireflies in decline? Nothing new there then. Colin Henshaw predicted this (and much more) 15 years ago. 

Protecting the night sky above the Lower Wisconsin - neat huh? Wisconsin Journal - "I remember once when someone said, 'You know the view would be better if those clouds weren't up there,' " Zumm recalled. "I said, 'Dude! Those aren't clouds. That's the Milky Way!' " The stuff of dreams for the webmaster here in the UK?

You heard it here first. House sparrows plummet 68% BBC TV 20-November 2008.   If you read Dr. Kate Vincent's research you can learn more

BBC TV today 19-Nov-2008. I have just heard that 3 big USA car companies are looking for a "bail out"? The reporter described them as "not paying attention to innovation" or words to that effect. May I remind folk that GM had the EV1 10 years ago. It is NOT that they failed to innovate - instead they became complacent and didn't bother to support innovation? With the EV1 charging at night, with unnecessary lights switched off you wake up to a car that does not pollute when you commute and power station engineers happy?

Read that we should charge our EVs at night and switch off LAN?

WEH - World Earth Hour is upcoming next March 2009. Someone today in the Philippines did a SEARCH and came back to this web site to view the Sydney EH composite from 2007 - neat huh? 

BTW If you read below that I am concerned that we do not conserve, that instead we waste profligately, how about this for a new story? Water will be in short supply by 2080. Maybe I will be dead but my relatives will not. 

Am I stupid or what? Why do we always hear discussion of energy provision? We waste far too much anyway - why do I not hear of conservation, conservation and more conservation? Switch off unnecessary lights at night - don't cause unnecessary LAN

Blinded by the Light? A handbook explaining some of the concerns which surround the 24 hour day caused by light at night -LAN.  This is the frontispiece to the CfDS handbook which is now in pre-print. It is hoped that publication will appear soon - in the New Year at the latest. 

Scots urged to see the light in campaign for "dark sky parks"! 

The truth behind Britain's bright night skies.

China's coal fires belch fumes, worsening global warming? 

BBC TV Wild China-Tibetan glaciers are melting (Sunday 16-Nov-2008). Sadly they are melting faster than they used to!  Fires today in California - gosh? We wonder why? Irony!

The NG November 2008 is unhappy with LAN. The New Yorker was unhappy  last year! 

California has got it? Global warming is real and seas WILL rise. Schwarzenegger! 

Destruction of the future starts HERE - "The USA pursues drilling off Virginia". LAN kills bugs, birds, bats and many other animals. Now we see the onset of more harm WITHOUT regulation? I see a situation developing here like the money markets. When will the environment go into "meltdown"?

UN puts a different "spin" on the modern "brown-out"? We used to have this when I was a kid - only we called them "pea-soupers" or London fogs etc.

Streetlights and driving - "Light from ... street lights makes it harder for you to see the road ahead." So now you know that street lighting does NOT make it safer to drive at night? Very curious.

Humans losing the battle against  global warming and climate change: IEA?

Homer Glen leads the World and its City Fathers Agree

This page section is under development but it shows residents and leaders of Homer Glen, a village in the conurbation of the city of Chicago, in Illinois, USA. Debra Norvil (cream jacket) has got back the names of folk in the picture line up to me (see caption details below). Homer Glen joined in with the rest of the World to attempt to make energy saving and sustainability a tangible reality. Homer Glen followed Sydney, Australia on the 1st birthday of Earth Hour 2007 to attempt to draw attention to the extent to which we WASTE energy every day and night. A 24 hour day problem in this global village? San Francisco ended with the Golden Gate having its floodlights turned off but the roadway lights, of course, were left illuminated. In short Home Glen turned off UNNECESSARY lighting which is all that EH (Earth Hour) is all about. I am looking forward to WEH next year, 2009 (World Earth Hour, 2009). Tell YOUR city fathers that if their township didn't join in then they will be responsible for future failure. Homer Glen made the effort this year and will continue to do so. Will your city leaders do the same?

Picture figure captions -  L to R:  Illinois Lt. Governor Pat Quinn, Homer Glen Mayor James Daley, Homer Glen Trustee Russell Knaack, Homer Glen Trustee Margaret Sabo, Debra Norvil, Bob Gent IDA, and IDA Illinois Section Leader At Large Dave Toeppen. LATEST 24 August 2010 HERE - Chicagoland WTTW channel 11.

Somehow if others didn't join in this year then I guess that they will not bother next year. Sad isn't it? But it is real nice that Homer Glen knows the way forward.

BTW we are now in 2010 - WEH 2009 built on EH 2008 and the WWF have their new video for Earth Hour  2010 HERE.  Enjoy!



By the time people wake up to its "hidden" effects it will be "just too late"? This quote from Challenge magazine page 20, Summer 2006.

Learn more about the problem at

Here you will SEE the nature of this problem!

It is much worse than you can ever imagine?

We had four UK light pollution petitions! Many are now out of date. Examine, peruse and learn. If you see a need for another petition then please create it.

The new one is HERE -

One web address is here .....

Another can be found here...

And a  rural campaign is here

John Tunnicliffe has added...

And another here at........... 

Whilst these petition links are now out of date I leave them here for information.

The latest (March 2008) petition link however concerns Jodrell Bank's Merlin interferometer.

The £85 million Government scientific funding cut-back puts Jodrell and Merlin at risk. Don't let Government ignorance fail our future in science.

The petition web site is at - please sign up.

There is a new book out there titled The Energy Age, by Robert Kyriakides of GENERSYS PLC who are the publisher. This retails at about £13 at B&Q! If you do not know anything about energy then read this book. Energy use, energy abuse and proper energy management are all included in the narrative. I have not read it fully. Watch this space for more. GENERSYS have a web site at

The energy which we waste at night, illuminating the night sky, should be powering our Electric Vehicles. It does not because of corporate incompetence?

Please be kind enough to read "The City Domes of Wasted Energy Which Should Be Charging Our EVs" Bill Moore, editor of EV World, has placed a link to this article, archive at EV World HERE 

What is 'Light Pollution'? See here ... LP - THE MOVIE!


NB - Some links below are now 4 years old. If any video links fail then try this CfDS update URL to be found HERE. Enjoy from years ago. BTW nobody listens even today, one decade into the 21st century, after the warning of the 19th century?

Light pollution is simply light that is having a bad effect on the environment. You can watch a WMV movie video explaining "The Problem?" by clicking HERE. The major effects are:

  • Wasted light means wasted energy that means unnecessary carbon emissions
  • Nocturnal insects are affected. Animals which depend on these insects for food are then affected.
  • A comprehensive guide can be found in " Ecological Consequences of Artificial Night Lighting" by Catherine Rich and Travis Longcore. ISBN 1-55963-128-7 ISLAND PRESS 2006 £20.78. A brief review of this book can be seen at
  • The beauty of the night sky is lost - when is the last time you REALLY saw the stars in all their glory?
  • WE ARE ALL HEARING OF OUR CARBON FOOTPRINTS! WHAT ABOUT OUR SKYPRINTS? Light Pollution is stamping its "footprint" across our night sky and blotting out our views of the stars and the Milky Way. Should we be concerned with our Skyprints which waste energy and pollute the night sky with unwanted light and wasted energy? Why do we tolerate this? Ask your city fathers.
  • If you are a member of an astronomical society then download the videos below and show them at your meetings. They are some of the presentations from last year's Dark Sky Symposium held in Portsmouth, England in September 2006.Please pass this idea on to others in other astro socs. Please spread the word.

  • The Inaugural Address by Lembit Opik, MP. 20MB.
  • THE DR. JOHN MASON PRESENTATION IN WMV VIDEO FORMAT                        The image at the top of this section is taken from the title slides of Dr. John Mason's lecture at the CfDS Dark Sky Symposium (2006) in Portsmouth, England. His ADOBE pdf presentation can be accessed from HERE. This 50MB PDF will take about 3-4 minutes to download on broadband connections. The video of his lecture is now completed and is a 41MB WMV file which is now downloadable from the link above.  It lasts 1/2 hour but is good enough quality AND CONTENT to justify watching. (Download times for broadband are 3-4 minutes. Dial-up will be too long.) It is informative and even humourous! You will enjoy it and find that it even educates. (Please know that your WMV codecs will need to be correct for this version of WMV - I will advise correction procedures when I know what problems will occur). ENJOY.
  • THE BOB MIZON PRESENTATION IN WMV VIDEO  FORMAT   Like John's video, this is about 35MB. 
  • Abacus Lighting PLC who sponsored the event - their video. 26MB.
  • The Closing Address by Robert Key, MP. 50MB.
  • Another anti-LP YouTube video but this time by just an ANT! Click HERE. Just 3 minutes of cartoon.
  • More YouTube anti-LP with good music but an abrupt end credit HERE.
  • A 4 minute UK YouTube is HERE. This left me feeling sad for what we have lost?
  • The video above asks that we turn lights down or off. Dont' leave MEEEE on!
  • Chuck Bueter, in the US of A, has a YouTube  LP video edit set HERE.
  • The Highland Astronomical Society has a light pollution page HERE.
  • Cardiff Astro Soc have their anti-LP page HERE.
  • The Society for Popular Astronomy, the SPA, have a blog HERE.
  • This YouTube for astronomers who are poets. Demon of the Light!

The purpose of this website

Light pollution is unnecessary and can be controlled with very simple measures that cost very little. We aim to show you how YOU can make a difference and how YOU can improve your local environment. Remember that light at night needs to be enough to meet the need, it needs to be where it is wanted and at the time that it is wanted and it needs to be no more than will do the job! Turn off light at night (and at any other time) if there is no need for electric light? Switch it off! Do not waste energy! Do not warm planet Earth! Do not add to global warming!

You know it makes sense? Or do you? Please do not be blind to that which you cannot see! The "hidden" effects of LP? This is a life experience for so many politicians - those in our world who are so blind that they WILL not see!

The main points

Here are some points about light pollution and its effects.
  1. Insects are at the base of the food chain for many animals including bats, birds, frogs, lizards and many small mammals.
  2. Nocturnal insects are drawn to bright light. This can kill them or distract them from breeding which means fewer insects for other animals to eat.
  3. Holland has the worst light pollution in the EU. It has the lowest biodiversity as well.
  4. In global terms, 19% of all electricity used produces light at night. The 24 hour day! There is NO circadian rhythm. What will be the further consequences of this problem?
  5. Improving street lighting at ground level can save local councils and city authorities many millions each year. It can also reduce carbon emissions by a significant amount.
  6. The glow of wasted light over our towns and cities means that we have lost the night sky - an important part of our environment.
  7. Light pollution is a "green" issue and those organisations concerned about the environment, as well as the astronomical community, should be involved in combating the problem. (JBAA, 104, 6, 1994).

Potentially Worthwhile Links.....?

Brian May is against LP. His Bang Universe web site is here -

The IDA is here -....

The CfDS is here .......... 

 You can learn about Bob Mizon of the CfDS here..........

The Campaign to Protect Rural England is here....... is here (in Croatia/Hungary)....(no English translation yet)


Pierantonio Cinzano is here...........

Prairie Astronomy Club, Lincoln, Nebraska, USA  have an LP fact sheet here-


Simply browse and enjoy, and then turn OFF your lights!

All the best, web site manager Graham Cliff. Manchester University graduate in Physics and Electronic Engineering, 1971. Now a retired Honorary Senior Research Fellow, School of Earth, Atmospheric and Environmental Sciences, University of Manchester, England. My primary research has been high resolution x-ray microanalysis. One of my significant papers (with colleagues P.E.Champaness and G.W. Lorimer) is "The Identification of Asbestos, J of M, 1976", using what became known as Cliff-Lorimer k factors, from an even more significant yet earlier paper in 1975 (G. Cliff and G. W. Lorimer, J. Microsc., 1975, 103, 203). The controversy surrounding nanoparticles today is coming home to roost. I warned of their long range environmental effects 30 years ago and no-one listened, although MANSA June 2010  has debated their metrology at the NPL, Teddington, London. Proceedings will be provided "soon".

This web site's tracking software is returning evidence that browsers want to know "who is Graham Cliff". Although very flattering "Graham Cliff" as such will not take a GOOGLE search very far. If you have read the pdf "Is Light Pollution Killing Our Birds" you will know that I am a retired Analytical Electron Microscopist (AEM). So what I hear you say! Well my wife, Pauline, tells friends that "I know my place". This is because my goal in AEM was to analyse atoms and yet I am an amateur astronomer and so I know the scale of our Universe - hence I know my place? I took over a job from Margaret Beckett (nee Jackson) in 1971 at Manchester University. She was until recently the Foreign Secretary of the UK. My colleague Gordon Lorimer and I were interviewed, by BBC political correspondent Michael Crick, about Margaret as a person, when John Smith in 1994 died and she then led the Labour Party before Tony Blair. We had to be "economical with the truth". If you have bothered to get to here then access GOOGLE scholar, key in "Cliff Lorimer" and read on. You should find about 2190 (at 5-12-2007, it was 1490 on 11-10-2007) references to my work in AEM (now 3190 as of 6 March 2009, now 4150 on 7 Jun 2009 and 4260 29Nov 2009, whilst 10 Feb 2010 it was 4,410, with 27 Mar 2010 it was 4820, 14 July 2010 it was 5190 , 30th July 2010 it was 5200, 29th September, 2010 it was 5230, and now 5450 in 14 Jan 2011. This work on AEM, has been described as a citation index "classic".  (This pdf, for the curious, is from the SAM, 1992 and is 1.5MB). Very flattering once again but it was based on good common sense science.There are some of my papers from MAS 1992 here - From Microns to Atoms and Poissonian Problems from Gaussian Probes, with In-situ Analysis of Precipitates in Some Mg-Rare Earth Alloys.

BTW my career has given me experience with nanoparticles and asbestos - the cause of lung disease in 911 emergency workers, apparently? What Mt Sinai Medical Center descirbes as a "ticking time bomb" years ago, apparently?

Light pollution is neither good nor driven by common sense. Please get on board and help Sir David Attenborough save Planet Earth for today's kids and their future. You know that it makes sense? Or do you?

All the rest is history.

If you are an historian how about this 3 MB pdf? It includes Sir Patrick Moore's signature on my Wilkins and Moore "Handbook for Telescope Making", Tony Bradshaw with his "REAL" telescope at Jodrell Bank and an image of ME with Tony's scope on the ADAS observatory roll-off roof,  before light pollution wrecked astronomy in Timperley!

Astronomy Now used it May, 1992. Small world isn't it?

David Eicher used the same image as a front page cover on one of his books years ago (the other picture here is from my video projector's intro screen shot. I am standing on a TV weather map in the Albert Dock, Liverpool, England. My jacket I bought in Salt Lake City, after my wife photographed me in a book store holding David Eicher's book with my image on its front cover).  The store in Salt Lake City had a Wilson's Leather  shop. The store with David Eicher's book sold telescopes. I hope that Salt Lakers patronize these stores. BTW the guys in the B&W photo of 4 (now aged) astronomers are me, Colin Henshaw (co-discoveror of Supernova 1987A ), Robin Scagell, Vice President of the SPA and Gresham  Professor Ian Morison of Jodrell Bank, Radio Telescope Observatory, University of Manchester, England).

If you have bothered to read to here then look at Graham, Colin and Fred Talbot, when they were only 18 in 1968 in the pdf HERE

Enjoy it, if you can, in this unsustainable, light polluted, badly managed world!

Sad that I am so cynical, isn't it? Can anyone offer me sustainable hope for our future?

I added this 1.5MB pdf image to add to my "ego", which of course I do not have(?). I appear in 1994 with academic colleagues at the inauguration of the Lehigh 300kV STEM/AEM which achieved atom analysis resolution in 1996, a year later than I predicted in Boston in 1992 when I received the MAS/EMSA Presidential Award. My wife likes to tell friends that as an electron microscopist and astronomer "I know my place".  The Sale and Altrincham Messenger interviewed me in 1992 and asked about the MAS award which I had received - it explained my "modesty". Neat huh?

Have YOUR Photo Opportunity To Have Your Say.

A web page Light Pollution photo gallery has been in place now for just over a year(?). Its home page is at

It has images from activist anti-LP members motivated to bother to take a photo of an LP (or a light energy wastage) problem and to then post it. Not quite a YOUTUBE of LP but then LP is not very dynamic. Some of these photos are worthy of despair and distress. I like(?) numbers 1, 19&22, 45, 48, 59&60 (which are "ironic"), 72, 86, 89 and so on.

Please be inclined to post your own. Maybe if you live outside the UK you could ask that a WORLD Gallery be created? You could even create your own. That reminds me - Is there already a World LP gallery site? What is its URL? Please get back if you know of one and I will post it here. Enjoy, or not, as the case may be - more irony. 

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